PIGMENTATION | HYPERPIGMENTATION
Hyperpigmentation Treatment Options
Hyperpigmentation is a broad term that refers to discolored or darkened skin. Changes in skin tone can occur from sun damage, acne scarring, and inflammation. The most common type of hyperpigmentation people struggle with is melasma, most prevalent on the forehead, chin, and cheeks.
What causes hyperpigmentation?
What is the best treatment for hyperpigmentation?
Hyperpigmentation is caused by the increased production of a pigment called melanin by skin cells called melanocytes. Triggers like sunlight, acne, rashes, and air pollutants all have the potential to stimulate these melanocytes, creating a surplus of pigment within the skin. Increased production of melanin eventually accumulates and can result in noticeable darkening of the skin.
Hyperpigmentation generally responds to various over-the-counter products that contain brightening agents like vitamin C, kojic acid, niacinamide, hydroquinone, and azelaic acid. Melasma is a more stubborn version and may require a multi-step combination of sunscreen, brightening ingredients, and chemical or laser treatments. If topical treatments don’t provide lasting results, hyperpigmentation is most effectively treated with chemical peels or laser treatments.